Bipolar disorder is one of many mental health conditions that can be difficult to manage on one’s own. Sometimes rehabilitation treatment centers provide a place to help regain balance and take control back over your life.
Overview of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder that affects all aspects of your life. It can affect mood, energy, concentration, and overall ability to perform day-to-day tasks. Those who have bipolar disorder require lifelong treatment. Manic episodes are a key factor of this disorder. These episodes can be brutal. When having a difficult time, rehabilitation treatment may be necessary to get back on track.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are three main types of bipolar: Bipolar 1, Bipolar 2, and Cyclothymic Disorder. Those with Bipolar 1 are known to have manic episodes, with or without bouts of depression. Acute mania can last a week or more. Sometimes hospitalization is necessary if the manic episode becomes excessively bad. Those with Bipolar 2 have both manic episodes and depressive episodes. Mania is usually less severe than Bipolar 1. Depressive episodes often precede or follow an episode of mania. Those with Cyclothymic Disorder experience both manic and depressive episodes for two or more years, often fluctuating between the two. It is typically less severe than Bipolar 1 and 2 but can cause instability in moods with frequent mood swings.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
There is no exact known cause of bipolar disorder, though biological differences and genetics are thought to play a part.
Some of the risk factors include:
- Having a first-degree relative with diagnosed bipolar disorder
- Periods of high stress or posttraumatic stress disorder
- A history of substance abuse
- Symptoms of bipolar disorder
People with bipolar disorder experience everything intensely, whether good or bad. The highs and lows are really high and really low. It’s extreme for everything. Some of the symptoms may include:
- Feeling “on top of the world”
- Feeling irritable
- Feeling jumpy
- Elevated mood or energy
- Decreased need for sleep, or poor sleep patterns
- Loss of appetite
- Talking fast
- Racing thoughts
- Feeling like they need to do everything at once
- Showing poor judgment
- Taking risks
- Mood swings
- Mood change
- Irregular social rhythms
- Highs and lows that are extreme
- Spending excessive amounts of money
- Feeling powerful
Episodes of Depression:
- Talking slowly
- Feeling like everything is going wrong
- Trouble with concentration
- Major depression or major depressive episodes
- Unable to do simple tasks
- Little interest in usual activities
- Feeling hopeless
Treatment Options for Bipolar Disorder
There are many effective treatment plans for people who have bipolar disorder. Some of those include talk therapy, family-focused therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, rhythm therapy, medication, and rehabilitation. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, consult with a behavioral health professional and see what treatment for bipolar disorder is best for you. People with bipolar disorder can learn to live full, healthy lives with the help of a trusted medical professional. If you or someone you love are suffering from depression and bipolar disorder, mental health professionals can help you get on the right path to treating bipolar disorders.